The Matrix System for Internet Addressing for more than 100 Billion devices



Where X, Y, Z corresponds to 0123456789:0123456789:0123456789 digits of MAC Addresses where the numbers 0123456789 and the twenty-seven alphabets from A-Z with upper and lower case can be represented to form a matrix system, creating close to 100 billion combinations? Need computer to calculate. Anyone want to try?
10x10x10x27x27=729000xsquare=531441000000xsquare=282429536481000000000000 stack up in a matrix formation.
X=->
Y=<-
Z=Diagonal
To form the required combination of Internet addresses
Or 0123456789square:0123456789square:0123456789square? Or [0123456789:0123456789:0123456789]square?

– Contributed by Oogle.

You need to arrange Nanotube in a matrix format using ZFS technology with 3D Laser

By Jason Palmer Science and technology reporter, BBC News

Scientists have demonstrated methods that could see higher-performance computer chips made from tiny straws of carbon called nanotubes.

Carbon nanotubes have long been known to have electronic properties superior to current silicon-based devices.

But difficulties in manipulating them have hampered nanotube-based chips.

The experiments, reported in Nature Nanotechnology, show a kind of two-part epoxy approach to individually place the nanotubes at high density.

The race is on in the semiconductor chip industry to replace current silicon technology – methods to make smaller and therefore faster devices will soon come up against physical limits on just how small a silicon device can be.

Study co-author James Hannon, a materials scientist at IBM, said that there are few realistic successors to silicon’s throne.

“The problem is you have to put it in to production on a 10- or 15-year time scale, so the kinks have to be worked out in the next few years,” he said.

“If you look at all the possibilities out there, there are very few that have actually produced an electronic device that would outperform silicon – there are exotic things out there but they’re all still at the ‘PowerPoint stage’.”

Though single nanotubes have shown vastly superior speed and energy characteristics in lab demonstrations, the challenge has been in so-called integration – getting billions of them placed onto a chip with the precision the industry now demands.

Superior speed

Current chips are made using lithography, in which large wafers of silicon are layered with other materials of different electronic properties and then devices are simply “etched” out using a focused beam of electrons or charged atoms.

Artwork of self-assembly process The two molecules on the chip and nanotube work like a two-part epoxy

To address the integration challenge, Dr Hannon and his colleagues came up with a solution – two of them in fact.

The first was a chemical that coats nanotubes and makes them soluble in water.

The second was a solution that binds to the first chemical and to the element hafnium, but not to silicon.

The team used standard techniques to etch a pattern of channels in hafnium deposited on silicon.

Then they simply “double-dipped” the chip into the two solutions – one chemical stuck to the hafnium, and the other chemical acted as the second part of a two-part epoxy, tightly binding nanotubes to the hafnium regions on the chip but not to silicon.

The result was a series of neatly aligned nanotube devices, already wired up within the pattern, at a density of a billion per square centimetre.

Challenges remain

“That’s one nanotube every 150 or 200 (billionths of a metre) or so,” explained Dr Hannon. “That’s not good enough to make a microprocessor yet – it’s a factor of 10 away.

“But it’s a factor of 100 better than has been done previously.”

The demonstration is a “huge improvement”, but Dr Hannon said several issues are still to be solved.

They incude finding more efficient ways to sort through nanotubes – which are made in a wide variety of sizes and types – to select in large quantity and high accuracy the kind suitable for devices.

The etching process that sets the ultimate size of a transistor on the chip must also be improved.

For now, the team has modelled what it can do with the technique in its current form – a vast array of transistors, each comprising six nanotubes spaced 10 nanometres apart.

Their models suggest a 10-fold jump in performance – a chip run at more than three times the frequency and consuming just a third the energy.

However, in the longer term, nanotube chips would run up against the same limits that silicon faces; as Dr Hannon puts it, “we’re limited by the size of an atom eventually”.

“But this at least gives us a way to gain performance while shrinking the device.”

Energy saving device using Induction/Inverters for adapters/extention plugs

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_inverter#Three_phase_inverters
The variable-frequency drive uses a rectifier to convert the incoming alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC) and then uses pulse-width modulation in an electrical inverter to produce AC of a desired frequency. The variable frequency AC drives a brushless motor or an induction motor. As the speed of an induction motor is proportional to the frequency of the AC, the compressors runs at different speeds. A microcontroller can then sample the current ambient air temperature and adjust the speed of the compressor appropriately. The additional electronics add to cost of equipment and operation. Conversion from AC to DC, and then back to AC, can cost as much 4 – 6% in energy losses for each conversion step.[citation needed]
Eliminating stop-start cycles increases efficiency, extends the life of components, and helps eliminate sharp fluctuations in the load it places on the power supply. Ultimately this makes inverter less prone to breakdowns, cheaper to run.

A power inverter, or inverter, is an electrical power converter that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC);[1] the converted AC can be at any required voltage and frequency with the use of appropriate transformers, switching, and control circuits.
Solid-state inverters have no moving parts and are used in a wide range of applications, from small switching power supplies in computers, to large electric utility high-voltage direct current applications that transport bulk power. Inverters are commonly used to supply AC power from DC sources such as solar panels or batteries.
The inverter performs the opposite function of a rectifier. The electrical inverter is a high-power electronic oscillator. It is so named because early mechanical AC to DC converters were made to work in reverse, and thus were “inverted”, to convert DC to AC.
Three-phase inverters are used for variable-frequency drive applications and for high power applications such as HVDC power transmission. A basic three-phase inverter consists of three single-phase inverter switches each connected to one of the three load terminals. For the most basic control scheme, the operation of the three switches is coordinated so that one switch operates at each 60 degree point of the fundamental output waveform. This creates a line-to-line output waveform that has six steps. The six-step waveform has a zero-voltage step between the positive and negative sections of the square-wave such that the harmonics that are multiples of three are eliminated as described above. When carrier-based PWM techniques are applied to six-step waveforms, the basic overall shape, or envelope, of the waveform is retained so that the 3rd harmonic and its multiples are cancelled.
To construct inverters with higher power ratings, two six-step three-phase inverters can be connected in parallel for a higher current rating or in series for a higher voltage rating. In either case, the output waveforms are phase shifted to obtain a 12-step waveform. If additional inverters are combined, an 18-step inverter is obtained with three inverters etc. Although inverters are usually combined for the purpose of achieving increased voltage or current ratings, the quality of the waveform is improved as well.
When controlled rectifier circuits are operated in the inversion mode, they would be classified by pulse number also. Rectifier circuits that have a higher pulse number have reduced harmonic content in the AC input current and reduced ripple in the DC output voltage. In the inversion mode, circuits that have a higher pulse number have lower harmonic content in the AC output voltage waveform.

Therefore Induction and Inverter technologies can help the household save electrical energy if you have a unit placed between your direct AC to convert to DC for any home appliances, and the ideal is an extention plug or adapter, but such a size has not been effectively achieved yet. Improvements of up to 50% can be achieved for Solar and Wind Farms but so far nobody has achieved the invention of a small device to achieve the same power savings.

– Contributed by Oogle.

The Next Generation Internet that will support 100 Billion Devices

“The big push towards the Cloud, the Internet and ARM devices where contents of all kinds will drive sales where even TV and media will also embrace as more seek to drive costs down with an explosion of data to target customers where traditional media cannot provide, innovations will drive changes as global companies fill in the gaps to drive consumer demand with greater ROI.” – Contributed by Oogle.

TD-SCDMA (UTRA-TDD 1.28 Mcps low chip rate)

Main article: TD-SCDMA

TD-SCDMA uses the TDMA channel access method combined with an adaptive synchronous CDMA component[7] on 1.6 MHz slices of spectrum, allowing deployment in even tighter frequency bands than TD-CDMA. However, the main incentive for development of this Chinese-developed standard was avoiding or reducing the license fees that have to be paid to non-Chinese patent owners. Unlike the other air interfaces, TD-SCDMA was not part of UMTS from the beginning but has been added in Release 4 of the specification.
Like TD-CDMA, it is known as IMT CDMA TDD within IMT-2000.

New TD-SCDMA with automatic switching to Extended WiFi
Time Division Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access (TD-SCDMA) or UTRA/UMTS-TDD 1.28 Mcps Low Chip Rate (LCR),[1][2] is an air interface[1] found in UMTS mobile telecommunications networks in China as an alternative to W-CDMA. Together with TD-CDMA, it is also known as UMTS-TDD or IMT 2000 Time-Division (IMT-TD).[1]
The term “TD-SCDMA” is misleading. While it suggests covering only a channel access method based on CDMA, it is actually the common name for the whole air interface specification.[2]
TD-SCDMA uses the S-CDMA channel access method across multiple time slots.[3]
TD-SCDMA was developed in the People’s Republic of China by the Chinese Academy of Telecommunications Technology (CATT), Datang Telecom, and Siemens AG in an attempt to avoid dependence on Western technology. This is likely primarily for practical reasons, since other 3G formats require the payment of patent fees to a large number of Western patent holders.[4]
TD-SCDMA proponents also claim it is better suited for densely populated areas.[1] Further, it is supposed to cover all usage scenarios, whereas W-CDMA is optimised for symmetric traffic and macro cells, while TD-CDMA is best used in low mobility scenarios within micro or pico cells.[1]
TD-SCDMA is based on spread spectrum technology which makes it unlikely that it will be able to completely escape the payment of license fees to western patent holders. The launch of a national TD-SCDMA network was initially projected by 2005[5] but only reached large scale commercial trials with 60,000 users across eight cities in 2008.[6]
On January 7, 2009, China granted a TD-SCDMA 3G licence to China Mobile.[7]
On September 21, 2009, China Mobile officially announced that it had 1,327,000 TD-SCDMA subscribers as of the end of August, 2009.[8]
While TD is primarily a China-only system, it may well be exported to developing countries. It is not likely to be replaced with a newer TD-LTE system over the next 5 years. The present TD-SCDMA can be furthur developed to fully utilised the spectrum by studying the way ZFS technology packs data for transmission to create a new alogorithm. TD-LTE network is too expensive, it is not compatible to new future standards where you not only have to change base stations but handsets as well.

More than 660,000 commuters are now accessing Virgin Media’s wireless network from ticket halls to platform level on the London Underground, the telco claimed today.
It said it was extending free access to the service, which doesn’t reach into tunnels and requires users to register with an email address, until the end of 2012.

The company had originally planned to begin charging non-Virgin Media customers for its service with the exception of a limited offering “including TfL’s journey planner and entertainment and news content useful for a commute to work or trip into town”, which was expected to continue to be free.

Now the entire service remains gratis until the start of 2013, the company has announced.
Virgin Media also appears to be moving more slowly than planned in terms of its deployment of its Wi-Fi network underground. In June this year the ISP said it would hook up 82 stations on the tube network by the end o
f July with its service.

However, it confirmed today that it had fallen short on its rollout. Virgin Media said that 72 London Underground stations had so far been “brought online”. This time it was also shy about how many more would get the service before the end of 2012.
It had previously said that a further 38 stations had been earmarked to begin offering internet access by the end of the year.
Here’s a canned statement from Virgin Media boss Jon James about keeping the service free for a little longer:
Wi-Fi on London Underground has been an incredible success with hundreds of thousands of people kept up-to-date and entertained whilst travelling around our capital city. Commuters and visitors will be able to make use of the internet throughout 2012 and we’re in positive talks with potential wholesale partners to ensure a fantastic experience for all Tube passengers throughout 2012 and beyond.

TD-LTE offers asymmetric use of unpaired spectrum.[jargon] It allocates separate channels for outgoing and incoming signals, emulating full-duplex transmission over a half-duplex communication link.[citation needed]The frequency bands used by TD-LTE are 3.4–3.6GHz in Australia[7] and UK,[8] 2.57−2.62GHz in the US[9] and China,[10] 2.545-2.575GHz in Japan, [11] and 2.3–2.4GHz in India[12] and Australia.[7] The technology supports scalable channel bandwidth, between 1.4 and 20MHz.[13] A typical range is up to 200 metres (660 ft) indoors on a 2.57–2.62GHz radio frequency link.[14]

TD-SCDMA uses TDD, in contrast to the FDD scheme used by W-CDMA. By dynamically adjusting the number of timeslots used for downlink and uplink, the system can more easily accommodate asymmetric traffic with different data rate requirements on downlink and uplink than FDD schemes. Since it does not require paired spectrum for downlink and uplink, spectrum allocation flexibility is also increased. Using the same carrier frequency for uplink and downlink also means that the channel condition is the same on both directions, and the base station can deduce the downlink channel information from uplink channel estimates, which is helpful to the application of beamforming techniques.
TD-SCDMA also uses TDMA in addition to the CDMA used in WCDMA. This reduces the number of users in each timeslot, which reduces the implementation complexity of multiuser detection and beamforming schemes, but the non-continuous transmission also reduces coverage (because of the higher peak power needed), mobility (because of lower power control frequency) and complicates radio resource management algorithms.
The “S” in TD-SCDMA stands for “synchronous”, which means that uplink signals are synchronized at the base station receiver, achieved by continuous timing adjustments. This reduces the interference between users of the same timeslot using different codes by improving the orthogonality between the codes, therefore increasing system capacity, at the cost of some hardware complexity in achieving uplink synchronization.

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If you compare the difference, you will notice the limitations, I have invented a new standard, using basic TD-SCDMA technology and Extended WiFi, where if you want with present technology, to manually switch networks on your smartphone, but I am not satisfied with the present, new technologies will automatically switch networks between the two, I have studied the specs and both can support the Internet highest bandwidth, to create the next standard where it is possible to encrypt all communications, at the lowest cost possible to rival today’s GSM networks which is not efficient and not possible to support even higher bandwith than LTE networks. This new standard support routing voice and video communications over the Internet. If I want I can easily modify China network to support the new standard, by studying the data paths to improve the efficiency, modifying the protocol to support even higher data paths using Time based compression standards where it is possible to fill in lapses to squeeze even higher data transmission by filling in the blanks. There may temporary technical glitches with the present Internet, the next generation Internet will support 100 billion devices with no issue.
– Contributed by Oogle.

Redesigning the entire structure of the next quantum computer for Intelligent OS using ZFS

ZFS is a combined file system and logical volume manager designed by Sun Microsystems. The features of ZFS include data integrity verification against data corruption modes, support for high storage capacities, integration of the concepts of filesystem and volume management, snapshots and copy-on-write clones, continuous integrity checking and automatic repair, RAID-Z and native NFSv4 ACLs. ZFS is implemented as open-source software, licensed under the Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL). The ZFS name was a trademark of Oracle[3] until September 20, 2011.[4]

Want to see I re-engineer everything from scratch to design both the hardware(quantum computer) and software for the next generation Intelligent OS? 

ZFS(Everything) on a chip? Yes you can after the introduction of ARM technologies where video, sound every chipset will be housed on a single chip
I am bringing everyone at least 10 years ahead where the semiconductor business will change rapidly when ZFS and ARM technologies will merge to create the next generation of powerful CPUs that can run everything, small powerful and does not consume much power. Everything can be squeezed into a quadcore ARM processor with the computer no bigger than a Mac Mini, we are talking about a quantum computer, mind you. Intel will still be around, but they need to invest in R & D to create the future of these powerful chips.
– Contributed by Oogle.

The Next Big Thing : A Personal Digital Signature for everybody in the world for ID and transaction

Electronic authentication such as a digital certificate can serve the function of online identity verification. In addition, digital certificates can encrypt sensitive information in online transactions. Here you can learn more about electronic authentication, what digital certificates do, the digital certificates recognized in Hong Kong and some of the online Government services that accept them.

Electronic Authentication

Electronic authentication is the process of establishing confidence in user identities presented electronically in the cyber world. You can learn more about the safety, guidance and common practices in the conduct of electronic authentication in the website below.

Digital Certificates and Their Uses

A digital certificate is a form of electronic record that serves as an identification of who you are in conducting online transactions. Under the Electronic Transactions Ordinance (Cap. 553) (ETO), electronic or digital signatures have the same legal status as paper-based signatures.
For transactions not involving Government entities, a signature requirement under the law can be met by any form of electronic signature including digital signature so long as it is reliable, appropriate and agreed by the recipient. For transactions involving Government entities, a signature requirement under the law can be satisfied by a digital signature supported by a recognized digital certificate.
Digital certificates can be carried in Hong Kong ID Cards, installed in your PCs and other storage devices where appropriate. Usually, your digital certificate is protected by a password of your own and you will be asked to enter your password before accessing your digital certificates for online transactions.
Digital certificates are issued by certification authorities. Hongkong Post Certification Authority is a recognized certification authority by virtue of the ETO. A commercially-run certification authority can also apply to the Government Chief Information Officer to become a recognized certification authority on a voluntary basis. Recognition will only be granted to those certification authorities and digital certificates that have reached a standard acceptable to the Government.

More on the Electronic Transactions Ordinance (Cap. 553)

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There will be no more mark on your hand or forehead, everything will depend on your digital signature for ID and transaction, where everything like your IC, passport, credit cards, bank cards, ezlink cards will merge with your digital signature, and you can chose to embed into anything, a pendent, a watch, a smartphone etc and all you need to do is to tap to verify your ID or for transaction, it is safe because it follows a two step authentication method where it is impossible to steal your identity when stolen, you can automatically de-activate it if you lose it. Everybody’s digital signature will be kept in a huge database which can be retrieved when you lose it with your credentials and password via two step authentication method, with added security for personal data verification which only you will know, it is system of processes that need to be enhanced for the ultimate security, and I am not at a liberty to discuss here.
So now you know all my tricks, I have already planned for everybody, then China can also safely open it’s financial markets without a risk at all.
Now you believe me? Without a mandate from God I can never achieve anything, the stage is now already set for the fulfillment for everything.
– Contributed by Oogle.

The Future is the Grid for Solar Technology

It is an understatement to say solar tech companies have suffered in 2011. The year has been marked by financial losses, layoffs, factory closures, trade complaints and bankruptcies afflicting solar manufacturers in the U.S., Europe and Asia. The drama will continue in 2012, and here is a look at what to expect next year.
1. Lining up the right dance partners. Raising more private equity means diluting share values, but many next-gen thin film startups remain in the perilous stage of entering mass production at a time when demand lags. They need money and more. We have already seen some of them lining up corporate investors — such as ambitious Korean conglomerates — who also can help them with technology development and sales and marketing. HelioVolt was rescued by SK Group, and GreenVolt found help from ABB. Others, such as MiaSole, are still searching.
2. Buyer’s market. For companies with financial muscles, it’s a good time to invest in solar, be it taking a share in a tech company or a power project. Many big energy companies have done just that, from Exelon in the U.S. to Total in France. Google got rid of its solar research effort but has made some big investments in solar power projects this year, including the $94 million in four solar projects near Sacramento, Calif., that it announced last week. There are many firsts. Warren Buffett’s MidAmerican Energy Holdings is buying its first solar farm and has agreed to purchase a 49 percent stake in a second one. Investment firm KKR made its first renewable energy investment in the U.S. by putting an undisclosed sum in the same Sacramento-area solar farm. Hey, maybe we will see Chinese oil giants gobbling up some solar and wind projects abroad.
3. Game over. We know of seven companies that have declared bankruptcy or have shuttered their solar businesses. Energy Conversion Devices temporarily suspended production last month and is doing massive layoffs, and though it hasn’t filed for bankruptcy or otherwise announced its exit, the company’s prospects are bleak. If there are truly hundreds of solar panel manufacturers in China, then many of them won’t live much longer, and some should have expired by now. The Chinese government’s own research recently concluded that the number of domestic solar panel makers could fall to 15 before this decade is over. LDK Solar, a silicon producer that has added solar cell and panel manufacturing in recent years, is one of the struggling Chinese companies. Wells Fargo recently dropped its coverage of LDK because the solar company no longer presented “a viable solar investment.”
Although some of the high-profile U.S. solar startups have lined up big investors, as we mentioned earlier, their survival is far from assured, and, well, Solyndra won’t be the only big VC-backed solar investment that flames out.
4. New entrants keep on coming. Sure, times are tough now, but the solar market is supposed to grow and grow, right? So here you have Foxconn Technology Group, the world’s largest contract maker of consumer electronics such as the iPhone, plotting its entry into the solar market and planning on starting trial production next year. Other solar manufacturers should be worried, because solar panels are commodities and margins are shrinking quickly. Foxconn will join some of the largest consumer electronics makers that also have vowed to become major solar manufacturers: Samsung and LG (and Sharp and Panasonic already are big players in solar).
Although government incentives have played a key role in boosting the solar market growth, they are falling, drying up or changing too often, and many project developers and installers are looking forward to the day when they can build without subsidies (meaning they can do it more cheaply).
5. Changing strategy. It is interesting to see how companies change their strategies during tough times. We have seen more money devoted to boosting the sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiencies by companies that have historically spent more heavily on expanding factories to drive down costs. First Solar, which is laying off workers and throttling back its factory expansion plans, is undergoing a major strategy shift to focus on projects that serve utilities and in markets that aren’t so driven by government subsidies. All eyes will be on First Solar to see how it plans to tackle that in 2012.
6. The bane of election year politics. The U.S. is the third-largest solar market in the world, and it still has a lot of room to grow. The growth so far has been propped up by government incentives, and the expiration of a key federal subsidy this month and an ongoing trade complaint against Chinese manufacturers have stoked worries of a slower increase in installations in 2012. Add that to the fact that Republicans and Democrats both are trying to show who can manage the country’s finances better and cut spending. Getting more government help in 2012 will be as difficult as getting Newt Gingrich to be humble.
7. Emerging markets. China and India have been among the most-talked-about new markets this year, and the conversation will continue. But we also will hear more about other, lesser-known markets such as the Middle East and Africa, where the necessary ingredients for solar development — money and interest from utilities and government — are increasing. Latin America is starting to show signs of solar power development activities, though they are tiny still.
8. What will the IPO market bring? Not much. This year has proven a terrible time for making that public market debut. Companies that filed this year to go public, such as BrightSource Energy and Enphase Energy, are waiting for the right time. Until we see successful sol
ar IPOs in the U.S. — and it’s been a while — very few will try their luck.

9. Beyond solar. Some solar installers see opportunities in the emergence of electric cars — both businesses promote their cleantech cred and sell to consumers directly. Companies such as REC Solar and SolarCity are selling electric car charging stations (SolarCity has erected solar power charging stations for Tesla owners). Automakers such as General Motors and Nissan are building electric car charging stations that use solar power. Up until now, solar retailers have largely focused on selling solar energy equipment and installation services. But as they grow in size and generate more money, they might want to diversify to offer other cleantech equipment and services.
10. Solar’s impact on the grid. The increase in solar energy generation has nudged utilities and electric grid regulators to give more thought and investment to the impact of solar in their mission to deliver electricity reliably. Since solar production can ebb and surge depending on the time of the day and the weather, new technologies and policies are cropping up to monitor solar energy production and minimize interruptions of power delivery. Storing solar energy in batteries and discharging it into the grid when needed is one solution that is being considered or tested in pilot projects. Inverters will play a greater role in regulating solar power’s flow into the grid. Some of the technologies already exist because of technical requirements in Germany, and they will make their way into the U.S.
Photos from GigaOM, First Solar, Enphase Energy, Duke Energy, Solaria
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The present stage of Solar Technology will make leaps and bounds when there will be improvements for solar cells panels, storage technology and connectivity to the Grid that will enable efficient widespread deployment based on cost return ratios which justify the move to alternative energy, the price of oil will continue to rise and many would not want to rely on fossil fuels for electricity generation and will de-centralised their needs by locking on to the energy Grid, even cutting their energy requirements by up to 50% by investing in solar technology.
In future, solar energy will be installed at the rooftops of every HDB block of flats, generating up to 50% of the energy required to light up the common corridors and lifts, even powering the next generation of waste management system for new HDB flats where a hybrid system will still work between old and new flats, where excess energy can be resold with the connectivity to the Grid.
– Contributed by Oogle.